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A Complete Guide to Hedging in The Stock Market

Hedging is one of the most worthwhile investing strategies designed for high liquidity and risk management. From future contracts to ETFs, the strategy facilitates you with everything you want for a secure investment. Hedging works as insurance to cop up with various financial aspects, including currency change, supply, demand, interest rates, etc.

Furthermore, it becomes an essential strategy when you are investing in long-term assets. All you need is to enrol in the best day trading courses for a profitable investment. Meanwhile, most investors have a question in mind about what is hedging and how it exactly works. If you are one of them, this blog post is for you. Keep reading the blog until the end to know everything about Hedging in the stock market.

What is Hedging?

Hedging is a risk management strategy in which investors use financial instruments to counter uncertain risks of the stock market. It works with two financial derivatives that are options and futures. In Hedging, both help in developing investment strategies for fewer losses and potential gains. As it reduces the risk, you have the potential to generate higher profits from your investment. That's the reason why the industry's best forex brokers recommend hedging for long-term investments.

For Example:

Let's understand how Hedging works with an example. Suppose you invested $100 ($10 per share) in 10 shares of XYZ enterprises, and your ticker is XYZ. However, you are not sure about the performance of the company in the short term. Here an investment bank comes into the picture to save your investment from losses. In this, you can buy a put option at a strike price of $8 per share for one year. Throughout the year, it allows you to sell your shares at $8 even the cost of XYZ drops to $5 per share. Hence, Hedging made you save $3 per share of XYZ enterprises as compared to other investors.

Different Ways to Hedge Risk:


A forward contract is the most popular derivative instrument to hedge out risk. In this, two independent parties agree to sell or purchase assets on a specific date and at a particular price. It is a non-standardized agreement that does not need to compile any terms and conditions under Economic Regulation Authority.

Let's take a typical life example for a better understanding. For instance, you are a crude oil trader. You want to sell your oil for $60 per barrel, but its price keeps changing between $50 to $65. Considering this, you can sign a non-standardized agreement with a business to sell your oil at $60 per barrel for 6 months. Even if the price falls to $55 per barrel, you will be selling the oil at $60 per barrel.


Future Hedge is more or less the same as the forward contract. However, it deals with a standardised agreement to sell or purchase assets at an agreed price and date. Like a forward contract, you can sign an agreement with another party on a specific date and price. The difference here is you can only deal with a standardised quantity of assets.

Using the above example, the agreement will allow you to sell the crude oil at $60 per barrel, but you can only sell 100 barrels under the contract. After that, you will receive $55 per barrel or whatever the current price will be.

Money Markets

Money Market is amongst the main pillars of financial markets. In money markets, you can lend, borrow, sale and purchase financial assets with a maturity of less than one year. From currencies to short-term loans, money markets deal with a glut of short-term investments. The technique is used by businesses to lock the price of foreign currency according to domestic currency while trading.

For example, suppose your domestic currency is AM, and the foreign currency is FM. In 6 months, you agreed to pay 1000 AM that is equal to 7000 FM. The value of AM increases from 7FM to 7.2 FM after 6 months. Would you pay 7200 FM to another party? Definitely not. Using a money market hedge, you can lock the value of FM according to the AM and hedge your payable.

Benefits of Hedging:

Risk Management

Risk management is the main benefit of Hedging in the stock market. The stock market features various financial risks, including changes in currencies, value of assets, economic and political factors. Thus, hedge funding safeguards your investment by locking the profit and preventing it from the financial market’s uncertainties.

High Liquidity

Hedge fundings have a higher liquidity and profit margin as compared to other investment strategies. The reason is it allows you to invest in multiple financial assets and increase the liquidity of your funds. Along with that, it also increases liquidity by reducing external constraints and financial distress.

Lower margin outlay

Hedge funding offers a flexible price mechanism to investors and encourages worthwhile fundings. In Hedging, you require a lower margin outlay as compared to other investment strategies. It means you can hedge your investment by sacrificing less margin even if the prices are falling continuously.

Access to ETFs

Besides common financial assets, Hedging also helps in making ETF investments worthwhile. ETF (Exchange-Traded Fund) is like mutual funds but offers high profitability and low risk. Hedging assists you with financial derivatives like the Black-Scholes option or married put to generate the expected ROI. Hedge funding protects your investment against inflation, exchange rate risks, and other financial constraints.


Hedging is gaining popularity among global investors in the stock market. Whether you invest in ETFs or Forex, it helps you protect your investment using various financial derivatives. You can use it as a lifesaver in the dynamic financial market with risks including inflations, exchange rate fluctuations, and much more.

In simple words, Hedging means locking the desired price to sell or purchase assets against uncertain financial constraints. Not only it reduces the risk, but it also opens various short- and long-term opportunities for investors. Thus, if you want to invest in financial assets, you must try hedging for a worthwhile investment.

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Jenifer Smith
Jenifer Smith
Oct 27, 2021

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